Last Updated: September 09, 2022, 07:30 AM IST
Pitru Paksha or Shradh is a period of 15 days beginning on the Purnima tithi of Shukla Paksha in the month of Bhadrapada according to the Hindu calendar. It ends with Krishna Paksha Amavasya Tithi. During this period, Hindus pay respects to the spirit of their ancestors. The paternal side is marked by rituals of care and a controlled lifestyle. Shraddha rituals during this period are believed to help the ancestors attain moksha or moksha.
Pitru Paksha 2022: Important Dates
This year, Pitru Paksha starts on Saturday, September 10 and it ends on Sunday, September 25.
Timings of Kuthup Muhurtam, Rohina Muhurtam and Aparahan Kaala on September 10 are as follows:
- Qutup Muhurtam: 11:53 AM to 12:43 PM
- Rohina Muhurtam: 12:43 to 1:33
- Afternoon Timing: 1:33 PM to 4:03 PM
Rituals of attention
- During this 15-day period rituals of Shraddha or Pind Dhan for ancestors can be performed on any day according to Hindu traditions.
- This year Shraddha period ends on Mahalaya day which falls on September 25.
- On the day of Shraddha, the eldest member of the family takes a bath and wears new clothes along with a ring made of kusa grass.
- Kush grass is considered a symbol of grace and is also used to invoke the ancestors.
- After this, a wooden table is covered with a white cloth and placed towards the south.
- Then the table is covered with black sesame and barley seeds, on which the image of the ancestors is placed.
- After this, the ancestors are called and offered embryos in the form of rice or wheat balls made of honey, rice or wheat, goat’s milk, sugar and ghee.
- After this, tarpana made of water, flour, barley, kusa and black sesame seeds is offered as an offering.
- After the Shraddha and Tarpanam rituals, food is served to the poor people.
According to Hinduism, it is believed that the souls of ancestors reside in Pitrloka and they come to earth during Pitrupaksha. So, every year around this time, the family members of the deceased pay their respects to the ancestors. Rituals performed during Pitru Paksha help the departed souls attain moksha or moksha.