Depression is one of the most misunderstood mental health conditions. Despite an abundance of information available, many, including people with the condition, are not sure what it is.
This mental health condition, a symptom in itself, is generally thought of as one of two types – clinical depression and regular depression, which does not really require medical attention. But this view is flawed for several reasons. In this article, we have listed five types of depression that you may not know about.
Seasonal affective disorder
Seasonal affective disorder is a major depressive state that adheres to seasonal patterns. Usually, this disorder starts in autumn and winter. A part of the brain called the hypothalamus is at play, and according to researchers, the disorder is caused by a lack of sunlight. Therefore, one of the treatments includes phototherapy.
Atypical depression is similar to other depressive states and is very common. In response to a positive event, good news, or lifestyle change, atypical depression is reduced and the person’s mood brightens. However, it can come back as fast as it went.
Smiling depression is a disorder in which a person appears happy and content on the outside despite living with depression on the inside. When a person suffering from smiling depression is engaged in their public life its symptoms are almost invisible. Smiling depression has an increased risk of suicide, because the power to act on their thoughts is greater than others.
Another form of depression is bipolar disorder, which causes severe mood swings including emotional highs (hypomania) and lows (depression). Bipolar disorder is divided into three levels based on the frequency of depressive or hypomanic episodes – bipolar I, bipolar II and cyclothymic.
One of the most morbid forms of depression is psychotic depression, where a person loses touch with reality. They hear or see things and episodes of delusion begin in a recurring pattern.
Disclaimer: If you or someone you know is suffering from depression, help is available. Reach the 24×7 toll-free mental health rehabilitation helpline, Kiran, 1800-599-0019.
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