Know Causes, Symptom And Treatment

Diabetes is a growing challenge as it affects people of all ages. This disease also causes many other ailments in the affected patients and affects the vital organs of the body in the long run. Diabetes also increases the chances of some common eye diseases that affect patients such as cataracts, nerve palsy and glaucoma.

Diabetes also increases the risk of dry eye syndrome. According to experts, this problem is prevalent in diabetic patients aged 65 years and above. According to the Mayo Clinic, dry eye syndrome is a common condition that occurs when tears fail to provide adequate lubrication to the eye. This is a matter of concern because it makes the eyes more susceptible to bacterial attack and the condition affects the cornea.

There are some symptoms, which may cause concern for diabetic patients. Diabetics should watch for the following signs in the eye.

  1. burning in the eyes
  2. Foreign body sensation
  3. Sticky and watery
  4. Red eye and blurred vision
  5. Photophobia

Dr Neeraj Sanduja of Vian Eye and Retina Centre, Gurugram, says sensation is a common symptom before the disease progresses. Another red alert is tear film in the eyes. Patients with diabetes-related DES have a tear film in the eye as the syndrome develops. According to Dr. Sanduja, such conditions can lead to keratoepitheliopathy and keratitis if left untreated in the future.

It is important to understand the reasons for taking timely action. Here are some reasons that trigger DES in diabetic patients.

· Peripheral neuropathy

· High blood glucose levels

· Insulin deficiency and inflammation

As mentioned earlier tear film dysfunction correlates with DES. It is also important to note that patients with diabetes for more than 10 years have a strong chance of developing dry eyes. “Patients with poor glycemic control (HbA1c = 8%) have higher rates of dry eyes. Also, DES is significantly associated with increasing age in patients with type 2 DM,” says Dr. Sanduja.

For the treatment of such syndrome, health professionals choose corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cyclosporine A, tacrolimus and autologous blood serum eye drops. In such situations it is very important to take a doctor’s guidance before taking the medicine.

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