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Google Doodle Celebrates Anna Mani, the ‘Weather Woman of India’, on Her 104th Birth Anniversary


GOOGLE DOODLE TODAY: Google Doodle celebrates the 104th birth anniversary of Indian physicist and meteorologist Anna Mani on Tuesday, August 23, who made significant contributions to the study of meteorology. The physicist and meteorologist is also known as ‘India’s weather woman’. Her life’s work and research made it possible India It laid the groundwork for the country to make accurate weather forecasts and harness renewable energy.

Anna Mani was born on August 23, 1918 in Peerumet, Kerala. She graduated from Presidency College, Madras in 1939 with a BSc Honors degree in Physics and Chemistry and did research at the Indian Institute of Sciences under Nobel laureate CV Raman.

Renowned Malayali physicist KR Ramanathan, who was a researcher there, also encouraged Anna’s research activities. The University of Madras refused to grant Anna a doctorate, saying that an honors degree could not be considered a postgraduate degree. But considering the originality of the research, Anna’s thesis is still preserved in the Raman Archives in Bangalore.

Between 1942 and 1945, she published five papers, completing her Ph.D. research, and began a graduate program at Imperial College, London, where she learned to specialize in meteorological instruments.

After her return to India in 1948 she began working in the Indian Meteorological Department, where she helped the country design and manufacture its own meteorological instruments. She excelled so much in this male-dominated field that by 1953 she became the head of the department. Under her leadership, more than 100 weather equipment designs were simplified and standardized for production.

Mani was also an early advocate of alternative energy sources. In the 1950s, she established a network of solar radiation monitoring stations and published several papers on static energy measurement.

Mani later became the Deputy Director General of the Indian Meteorological Department and held several key posts at the United Nations. the world Meteorological Organization. In 1987, she won the INSA KR Ramanathan Medal for her outstanding contribution to science.

After her retirement, she was appointed as a trustee of the Raman Research Institute, Bangalore. She also founded a company that manufactures solar and wind energy equipment.

Mani used to wear khadi clothes following Gandhian values ​​in her life. She died on 16 August 2001 in Thiruvananthapuram.

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