Feelings of irritation and anger are significantly related to hunger, and being hungry can make us “hungry,” new research says. A portmanteau of hunger and anger, ‘hangry’, is widely used in everyday language, but the phenomenon has not been widely explored by science outside of laboratory environments.
A new study led by academics from Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) in the UK and Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences in Austria found that hunger is associated with higher levels of anger and frustration, as well as lower levels of happiness.
The researchers recruited 64 adult participants from Central Europe, who recorded their hunger levels and various measures of psychological well-being over a 21-day period.
Participants were prompted to report their feelings and their hunger levels on a smartphone app five times a day, allowing data collection in the participants’ everyday environments, at their workplace and at home.
Results showed that hunger was associated with stronger feelings of anger and frustration, as well as lower ratings of happiness, and the effects remained significant even after accounting for demographic factors such as age and gender, body mass index, dietary behavior, and more. Individual personality traits.
Hunger was associated with 37% of the variance in participant-reported irritability, 34% in anger, and 38% in happiness. The research found that negative emotions – frustration, anger and disgust – caused both daily fluctuations in appetite, as well as residual levels of appetite measured on average over a three-week period.
Viren Swamy, Professor of Social Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University (ARU), lead author of the study, said: “Most of us know that being hungry can affect our emotions, but surprisingly little scientific research has focused on being ‘hungry’. “Outside the laboratory ‘hungry’ Ours is the first study to examine whether
By following people in their daily lives, we found that hunger is related to levels of anger, frustration, and happiness. “Although our study does not provide ways to reduce negative hunger-induced emotions, the findings suggest that being able to label an emotion may help people regulate it by recognizing that we are angry because we are hungry.
Therefore, being more aware of being ‘hungry’ may reduce the likelihood of negative emotions and behaviors in individuals. The fieldwork was conducted by Stefan Steiger, professor of psychology at the Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences.
Professor Steiger said: “This ‘hangry’ effect has not been analyzed in detail, so we opted for a field-based approach where participants were invited to respond to prompts to complete short surveys in an app. They were sent these prompts five times a day on semi-random occasions over a three-week period. “Traditional This allowed us to generate intensive longitudinal data in a manner not possible with laboratory-based research.
Although this approach requires a lot of effort – not only for the participants, but also for the researchers in designing such studies – the results provide a higher degree of genera lability compared to laboratory studies, giving a more complete picture of how people experience emotions. Hunger results in their daily lives.”
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